Journal of Pesticide Safety Education

AAPSE has produced a number of white papers, position papers, reports, meeting minutes, policy documents, and related articles over the years. These are stored in the AAPSE Archives by year of publication.

The Journal of Pesticide Safety Education (JPSE.ORG) is the organization’s online, open-access, peer-reviewed scholarly journal. JPSE has published consistently since its inception in 1999. It is managed by an editorial staff and seeks members and non-members as reviewers on a per article basis. Publishing in JPSE benefits all members of the organization. It is the primary mechanism to share new methods, research, program descriptions, literature reviews, commentary, publication and media reviews, critiques, article responses, and literary notes. AAPSE holds the copyright on all JPSE articles. JPSE is listed under ISSN 1553-4863.

Articles appearing in JPSE are the property of the journal. Single copies of articles may be reproduced in electronic or print form for use in educational or training activities. Inclusion of articles in other publications, electronic sources, or systematic large-scale distribution may be done only with prior electronic or written permission of the Editor.

Requests, permissions, or other communications to the Editor can be sent electronically to:

Journal of Pesticide Safety Education by American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

JPSE Volume 24 – 2022

Volume 24 is our latest publication with a focus on virtual training methods used during COVID

The COVID-19 virus forced many pesticide safety education programs to conduct training exclusively online in 2020. Although the transition was sudden, and for some temporary, many programs will continue to utilize online technologies for pesticide training. While online programs are convenient, more effort and consideration are required beyond opening a webinar and presenting material. Ensuring the presenter can be clearly seen and heard, without distractions, is accomplished by properly setting locations for camera, lighting, and microphones. Slide design and transitions likely need to be altered to maintain audience attention. Unique online considerations like bandwidth must be addressed to maximize engagement. Finally, maintaining an online audience’s attention through interactions must be different from in-person training. This article provides essential tips and guidance on better hosting for online training of pesticide safety education.

IPM, Pesticides, and Risk – Part I: The Untold Story

Integrated pest management and pesticide safety education programs seek to help people minimize risks to people and the environment when managing pests. Yet these programs overlook many relevant risks in their programming. The author discusses the adverse consequences of this and provides an example of how to correct the situation.

IPM, Pesticides, and Risk – Part II: Conquering the Contradiction Conundrum

Integrated pest management and pesticide safety education programs seek to help people minimize risks to people and the environment when managing pests. Yet these programs use oft-repeated phrases can confuse and steer them away from the least-risk option. The author discusses the consequences of these phrases and urges a change in messaging.

VOLUME 23 -2021

Research Study – Pages 1 to 8

Using Microsoft Teams and Zoom to Deliver Pesticide License Training and Certification

Abstract Pages 1 to 8

Pesticide safety educators have turned to online delivery to reach a wider applicator audience and to adapt to the impacts of the COVID-19 virus. Microsoft® Teams and Zoom have been the most widely used among this group. This article discusses these platforms and some of the unique features that can be used to ensure that virtual training and applicator recertification are legal, ethical, and ultimately successful. The authors conclude that distance training will likely be part of the new norm in pesticide training.

Research Study – Pages 9 to 43

Comparing the Removal of Pesticide Residue from Clothing with Different Washing and Drying Methods.

Abstract Pages 9 to 43

This study investigated numerous factors influencing the removal of carbaryl or permethrin from various types of clothing. These factors included application rate (1X or 9X), washing machine type (full-fill agitator or high efficiency), clothing type (blue jeans, work shirt, T-shirt, or cotton/polyester blend T-shirt), and drying method (electric dryer or clothesline). Additionally, this study examined transference to baby Onesies® during laundering and assessed the role of Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) exposure in reducing residues for articles dried on clotheslines.  Contamination inside washing and drying machines and pesticide levels in wastewater were also examined. The results indicated that both washing machine types were effective at removing carbaryl and permethrin from the clothing. Among the different fabric types, blue jeans consistently retained more residues than other clothing types used in the study. Transference of pesticide to the Onesies® occurred with all pesticides at both rates, indicating pesticide-contaminated clothing should be laundered separately from all other laundry, including other work clothes or family clothes. Based on the findings of this study, we provide safety recommendations for applicators and laundering guidelines for effectively decontaminating clothing.

Read volume 23 here

VOLUME 22 -2020

Program Description – Pages 1 to 14



This article addresses the concept of standard setting to establish an appropriate minimum passing score on licensure exams. It examines a variety of standard setting methods accepted by the larger credentialing community. It provides a rationale for standard setting by logical, defensible means and it offers, as an example, the standard setting method adopted by the Office of Indiana State Chemist in 2009. The article concludes with suggested best practices when introducing standard setting into an exam development program. 

Read volume 22 here

VOLUME 21 -2019

Research Study – Pages 1 to 11

Knowing Your Clientele: Analysis of the Texas Pesticide Safety Education Program


The study described in this article was conducted to determine if an association exists between participants’ demographics and their perceptions of program quality for the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Pesticide Safety Education Program (PSEP). Using data collected from individuals who underwent training from the PSEP between 2009 and 2016, it was determined that the participant’s age, length of service, and applicator status were the most influential demographic attributes. Findings from the study supported previous findings on educational barriers and have allowed for improved educational efforts to better target PSEP clientele.

Read volume 21 here

Older Volumes

Older volumes are still available on our old site while we migrate them over

Creative Commons License

 Journal of Pesticide Safety Education by American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.

 Copyright (c) by the American Association of Pesticide Safety Educators, ISSN 1553-4863